AIRFOX ASD

AIRFOX Advanced Spatial Disorientation Trainer

Needs

Spatial Disorientation (SD) is a persistent threat, which can cause avoidable military and civil fixed/rotary wing flying accidents. Statistics show that around 20% of military (USAF class A mishaps) and around 10% of all general aviation accidents are due to SD. 90% of these accidents are fatal.

SD is a phenomenon where the pilot is unaware of the real orientation of the aircraft with respect to the earth. It is a major factor in aircraft accidents. The term SD describes a variety of incidents that occur in flight. The pilot fails to correctly sense the position, motion or attitude of the aircraft, or of himself within the fixed coordinate system, which the surface of the earth and the gravitational vertical provides.

A broader definition of SD also includes errors in the pilot‘s perception of his position, motion or attitude with respect to his aircraft, or his own aircraft relative to other aircraft. Appropriate and regular training is necessary to prevent the pilot‘s loss of spatial orientation and the possible loss of life and aircraft.

Needs

Solution

The AIRFOX ASD uniquely demonstrates and familiarises pilots with the disastrous effects of SD and the illusions experienced in today’s demanding flight operations. No other system offers such a multipurpose, efficient and cost-effective training solution. With the AIRFOX ASD, aircrews learn how to recognise SD and how to improve their situational awareness. The training with the AIRFOX ASD dramatically reduces the risk of fatalities and loss of aircraft.

Decision makers must have a greater awareness of the risk of SD and the costly and often fatal consequences of inadequate regulations, training standards and inferior training equipment. The AIRFOX ASD is an essential, highly cost-effective tool in the modern training system. It improves aircrew performance and saves lives.

The system allows to do trainings with a variety of users, such as:

  • Fixed and rotary wing aircrew
  • Military air arms
  • Special forces
  • Civilian fixed and rotary wing operators including airlines, executive air fleets, air ambulance, police, coastguard, and off-shore oil and gas exploration Units

 

Solution
The most important function of the system is to demonstrate SD situations, visual illusions, and vestibular illusions, such as:

  • Coriolis effect
  • Somatogyral effect
  • Oculogyral effect
  • Nystagmus effect
  • Autokinesis
  • Somatogravic illusion
  • Leans effect
  • Graveyard spin
  • False horizon
  • Runway width and slope illusion
  • Sloping terrain illusion
  • Black hole approach
  • Ground light misinterpretation
  • Vection illusion helicopter
  • Whiteout, brownout
  • Flicker vertigo
  • Blinding effect
  • Moving ship

Depending on the configuration, the AIRFOX ASD can also be used for:

  • Basic flight training
  • Night Vision (NV) training
  • Motion sickness desensitisation
  • Medical research
  • Human factors research and development

Features

Motion System

Motion System

Motion system with 6 degrees of freedom (6 DOF) and continuous yaw drive
Air-Conditioned Cabin

Air-Conditioned Cabin

The cabin of the AIRFOX ASD is air-conditioned.
Generic Cockpit Configuration

Generic Cockpit Configuration

Generic cockpit configuration for broad variety of fixed wing and rotary wing aircraft
Touch-Panel Instruments

Touch-Panel Instruments

Touch-panel instruments specific for flight model
Many Flight Models

Many Flight Models

Many flight models: from trainer aircraft to fighter aircraft, transport aircraft, helicopter models and airliner.
Control Loading System

Control Loading System

Control loaded primary controls using a force-feedback system
Seat Configuration

Seat Configuration

Single-seat or two-seat configuration
Visual System

Visual System

Projected visual system with wide Field of View (FOV). High-resolution environment with many different types of objects and customisable environmental conditions.
Video system

Video system

Video system with recording function
Instructor Operating Station (IOS)

Instructor Operating Station (IOS)

Off-board IOS with operation section, Out-the-Window (OTW) display and video section
Graphical User Interface (GUI)

Graphical User Interface (GUI)

Intuitive and easy to use GUI
Communication and Sound System

Communication and Sound System

Communication system and sound system for authentic audio feedback
Medical Monitoring System

Medical Monitoring System

Transmission of medical data from the trainee to the IOS
Safety Features

Safety Features

Sophisticated safety features
Night Vision

Night Vision

Fully Night Vision (NV) compatible and capable
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NV Capability

Night vision training must demonstrate the capabilities and limitations of Night Vision Imaging Systems (NVIS). For that purpose, the trainee has to wear original Night Vision Goggles (NVGs). The visual system is capable of stimulating these NVGs while the cockpit is NVG compatible. The following training scenarios are possible:

  • Illumination changes (moon position and phase, clouds)
  • Visibility changes
  • Weather effects
  • Different terrain type (flat terrain, hills, mountains, different contrast terrain)
  • Land to sea transition
  • Cultural lights from towns and villages
  • Height and distance judgement (approach to ship or oil-platform) or poorly lit airfields
  • Inadvertent flight into Instrument Meteorological Conditions (IMC) and recovery procedures whilst on NVGs
  • Object detection (masts, power lines)
  • Target aircraft (collision avoidance, formation flight) and procedural joins

NV Capability

 

Benefits

  • Multi-purpose system
  • SD training, also in flight situations
  • Basic flight training – VFR and IFR, day and night
  • Night flight training with real NVGs
  • Motion sickness desensitisation
  • Human factors research and development
  • Crew resource management training
  • Pilot screening
  • Medical research
  • Passive training for non-pilot aircrew
  • Embedded SD illusions in mission Scenarios
  • Automated missions
  • Sophisticated recording and debriefing functions
  • Second flight model as target aircraft
  • Observer camera
  • Customer-specific Environment
  • Certified as FNPT II for PC-7 aircraft
  • Can be linked with other simulators for flight in a shared environment
  • Can be equipped to demonstrate hypoxia during flight
  • Training programmes for instructors, operators and maintenance personnel
  • In service with 15 operators worldwide

References

The Following Air Forces Have already Purchased the AIRFOX ASD and Have them Successfully And Satisfactorily In Operation

AIRFOX ASD – AMST 2017

AIRFOX ASD – AMST 2017

The AIRFOX ASD was installed at AMST for training of pilots from different nations. The new AIRFOX ASD is the first with an electrical motion system and a new Graphic User Interface (GUI) for easy design of missions and handling of disorientation and environmental effects during mission flying.
AIRFOX ASD – Indonesia 2017

AIRFOX ASD – Indonesia 2017

AMST delivered the AIRFOX ASD end of 2016 and successfully installed and accepted in January 2017 at the Institute of Aerospace Medicine in Jakarta.
AIRFOX ASD – Spain 2014

AIRFOX ASD – Spain 2014

The AIRFOX ASD was successfully installed and accepted at the Institute of Aviation Medicine (CIMA) in Madrid in December 2014.
AIRFOX ASD – Myanmar 2014

AIRFOX ASD – Myanmar 2014

The contract for the AIRFOX ASD was awarded in 2012 for the Institute of Aviation Medicine in Meikhtilar, Myanmar and the SAT was in February 2014.
AIRFOX ASD – The Netherlands 2013

AIRFOX ASD – The Netherlands 2013

The contract was awarded in 2012 and the AIRFOX ASD VI was installed in 2013 at the Netherlands Aeromedical Institute in Soesterberg.
AIRFOX ASD – Thailand 2013

AIRFOX ASD – Thailand 2013

The contract for the AIRFOX ASD V was awarded in 2012. Installation and SAT was in 2013 at the Institute of Aviation Medicine in Bangkok.
AIRFOX ASD – Germany 2012

AIRFOX ASD – Germany 2012

The contract was awarded in 2010 and the AIRFOX ASD IV was installed in 2012 at the German Air Force Flight Physiological Training Centre in Königsbrück near Dresden. It is the first version with two seats inside.
AIRFOX ASD – P. R. of China 2011

AIRFOX ASD – P. R. of China 2011

The contract for the AIRFOX ASD was signed in 2009. The simulator was installed and accepted at the Beijing Institute of Aviation Medicine in 2011.
AIRFOX ASD – Singapore 2009

AIRFOX ASD – Singapore 2009

The contract for the first AIRFOX ASD was signed in 2007. The simulator was installed and accepted at the Royal Singaporean Air Force Institute for Aerospace Medicine in 2009.
AIRFOX ASD - AMST 2008

AIRFOX ASD - AMST 2008

The AIRFOX ASD is used to train foreign pilots, for research and testing of new developments.
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