Spatial Disorientation Training and Demonstrations

Spatial Disorientation (SD) is the inability to correctly interpret aircraft attitude, altitude or airspeed in relation to the earth or other points of reference.


‘To err is human’


Human beings make mistakes that is a simple fact. SD and misperception generally occurs when a pilot cannot correctly interpret an aircraft Motion, Attitude or Position (MAP).

Human beings have maps to correct orientation for many centuries. Aviation presents unique challenges whereby the earth or a specific point of interest in flight may become lost and perception does not match reality.

This presents the pilot with significant risks; you can mitigate these risks with training and raising the awareness of the responses of the human vestibular, proprioceptive and visual systems and their relationships.

Specific examples are:

The combination of visual-vestibular ‘confusion’ leads to SD. How quickly a pilot can interpret and correct an aircraft departure from normal flight depends on his/her experience.

There are three SD categories:

Why do you need SD training?


Mission-based SD training

AMST offers a complete training solution based on many years of experience and courses specifically designed to meet the needs of discerning customers.

Courses developed by subject matter experts having a military and a commercial aviation background form the heartbeat of this training. All relevant illusions for fixed-wing pilots as well as helicopter pilots are available.

Subjects covered:

The practical application of the above-mentioned topics ensures that students experience a broad spectrum of visual and vestibular illusions. The ‘building-block’ approach ensures whether pilots are going through basic training or are at the refresher/recurrent training stage that ensures that the training scenarios are relevant.


Improves flight safety significantly

Feedback of students:


Customer base for AMST’s spatial disorientation training

SDT – Austria

AMST provided SDT to the austrian fixed wing and rotary wing pilots of the Air Force in 2013.

SDT – AeronautX

In 2013 Aeronautx startet to provide SDT on the AIRFOX ASD on a dry lease base to pilots of the civil and general aviation.


SDT – Venezuela

AMST provided SDT to the venezuelian fixed wing and rotary wing pilots in the years 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2011 and 2012.

SDT – Austria Police

AMST provided SDT to the rotary wing pilots of the Austrian police in the years 2007 and 2012.

SDT – Sweden

AMST provided SDT to the swedish fixed wing and rotary wing pilots in the years 2007, 2008 and 2010.

SDT – Switzerland

AMST provided SDT to the Swiss fixed wing pilots in 2008.

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Training quality is first priority