Basic Spatial Disorientation Trainer

The AIRFOX DISO Basic Spatial Disorientation Trainer is a perfect integrated navigation procedure simulator in conjunction with highest quality spatial disorientation demonstration.


Spatial Disorientation (SD) is a persistent threat, which can cause avoidable military and civil fixed/rotary wing flying accidents. Statistics show that around 20% of military (USAF class A mishaps) and around 10% of all general aviation accidents are due to SD. 90% of these accidents are fatal.

SD is a phenomenon where the pilot is unaware of the real orientation of the aircraft with respect to the earth. It is a major factor in aircraft accidents. The term SD describes a variety of incidents that occur in flight. The pilot fails to correctly sense the position, motion or attitude of the aircraft, or of himself within the fixed coordinate system, which the surface of the earth and the gravitational vertical provides.

A broader definition of SD also includes errors in the pilot‘s perception of his position, motion or attitude with respect to his aircraft, or his own aircraft relative to other aircraft. Appropriate and regular training is necessary to prevent the pilot‘s loss of spatial orientation and the possible loss of life and aircraft.


The AIRFOX ASD uniquely demonstrates and familiarises pilots with the disastrous effects of SD and the illusions experienced in today’s demanding flight operations. No other system offers such a multipurpose, efficient and cost-effective training solution. With the AIRFOX ASD, aircrews learn how to recognise SD and how to improve their situational awareness. The training with the AIRFOX ASD dramatically reduces the risk of fatalities and loss of aircraft.

Decision makers must have a greater awareness of the risk of SD and the costly and often fatal consequences of inadequate regulations, training standards and inferior training equipment. The AIRFOX ASD is an essential, highly cost-effective tool in the modern training system. It improves aircrew performance and saves lives.

The system allows to do trainings with a variety of users, such as:

The most important function of the system is to demonstrate SD situations, visual illusions, and vestibular illusions, such as:
Depending on the configuration, the AIRFOX ASD can also be used for:


Motion System

Motion system with 6 Degrees of Freedom (6 DOF) and continuous yaw drive

Air-Conditioned Cabin

The cabin of the AIRFOX DISO is air-conditioned

Generic Cockpit Configuration

Generic cockpit configuration for broad variety of fixed wing and rotary wing aircraft

Touch-Panel Instruments

 Touch-panel instruments specific for flight model

Flight Models

Many flight models: from trainer to fighter aircraft, transport aircraft and helicopter models.

Control Loading System (CLS)

Control loaded primary controls using a force-feedback system

NV Capability

Night vision training must demonstrate the capabilities and limitations of Night Vision Imaging Systems (NVIS). For that purpose, the trainee has to wear original Night Vision Goggles (NVGs). The visual system is capable of stimulating these NVGs while the cockpit is NVG compatible. The following training scenarios are possible:



The following customers have the AIRFOX DISO successfully and satisfactorily in operation

AIRFOX DISO X + XI – India 2009

Two more AIRFOX DISOs for India have been installed at the Indian Air Force Institute of Aerospace Medicine in Hindon and in Hyderabad and are still in operation.

AIRFOX DISO IX – Germany 2004

The AIRFOX DISO was installed at the German Institute for Aviation Medicine in Königsbrück near Dresden and is still in operation.


Two AIRFOX DISOs have been installed at the Royal Institute for Aviation Medicine at Henlow in 2004 and are still in operation.

AIRFOX DISO VI – India 2004

The first AIRFOX DISO for India was installed at the Indian Air Force Institute of Aerospace Medicine in Bangalore and is still in operation.

AIRFOX DISO V – P.R. of China 2002

The AIRFOX DISO was installed at the Air Force Hospital in Gangshan and is still in operation. For this simulator AMST designed and delivered the motion system including the turntable.

AIRFOX DISO IV – Greece 2001

AMST has installed the AIRFOX DISO at the Hellenic Air Force Hospital in Athens. It is still in operation.