Spatial Disorientation Training

SD is the inability to correctly interpret aircraft attitude, altitude or airspeed in relation to the earth or other points of reference


‘To err is human’


Human beings make mistakes. That is a simple fact.

SD and misperception generally occurs when a pilot cannot correctly interpret an aircraft’s attitude, altitude or airspeed – or in other words: Motion, Attitude or Position (MAP).

Aviation presents unique challenges whereby the earth or a specific point of interest in flight may become lost and perception does not match reality.

This presents the pilot with significant risks; you can mitigate these risks with training and raising the awareness of the responses of the human vestibular, proprioceptive and visual systems and their relationships.

Specific examples are:

The combination of visual-vestibular ‘confusion’ leads to SD. How quickly a pilot can interpret and correct an aircraft departure from normal flight depends on his/her experience.
There are three types of SD:
Why do you need SD training?


Mission based SD training

AMST offers a complete training solution based on many years of experience and courses specifically designed to meet the needs of discerning customers.

Courses developed specifically for fighter, helicopter and transport aircraft – specific topics for the military are based on STANAG 3114 (aeromedical training for aircrew) and STANAG 7147 which deals with the Night Vision Goggle (NVG) elements. They link to the Night Vision Training System (NVTS) and the advanced Integrated Night Vision Training System (INVTS) that extends the SD training into the operational arena.

Subjects included:

The practical application of the above-mentioned topics ensures that students experience a broad spectrum of visual and vestibular illusions.

The ‘building-block’ approach ensures that pilots who are going through basic training and pilots at the refresher/recurrent training stage get training scenarios relevant for them.


Improves flight safety and operational capability

Feedback of students:


SDT – Venezuela

AMST provided SDT to the Venezuelian fixed wing and rotary wing pilots in the years 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2011 and 2012.

SDT – Austrian Police

AMST provided SDT to the rotary wing pilots of the Austrian police in the years 2007 and 2012.

SDT – Sweden

AMST provided SDT to the Swedish fixed wing and rotary wing pilots in the years 2007, 2008 and 2010.

SDT – Switzerland

AMST provided SDT to the Swiss fixed wing pilots in 2008.

SDT – Red Bull

AMST provided SDT to the Flying Bull’s fixed wing pilots in 2008.

SDT – Austria

AMST provided SDT to Austro Control in 2008.