AIRFOX DISO

Basic Spatial Disorientation Trainer

Needs

There is an ever-increasing need to demonstrate to the modern pilot, and familiarise him with, the drastic effects of SD phenomena and illusions, frequently experienced in the today's sophisticated flight operations.

  • SD is the mismatch of visual and vestibular sensations of the attitude and/or speed of the aircraft and leads to misinterpretation.
  • The estimated career incident of Spatial Disorientation (SD) is 90 to 100%.
  • There are two classes of pilots, those who have been disoriented and those who are about to be disorientated.
  • There are three types of SD: unrecognised SD – cause about 88% of SD mishaps; recognised SD – about 8% and incapacitating SD – about 4%.
  • 20% of all military mishaps are due to SD and 90% of all SD accidents are fatal.
  • The need for SD training seems clear, apart from the financial benefits of reducing aircraft losses and aircrew lives; duty of care and risk management becomes obvious.
  • Increase in fatigue factors – extended missions in difficult environments further increases the risk of SD. 
  • Therefore, SD education and training is essential with specialised equipment for pilots to meet operational challenges of modern aircraft with dynamic flight model.

Needs

Benefits

Significantly improves aircrew performance

  • The AIRFOX DISO represents a multi-purpose, low-cost training device, based on standard components and equipment.
  • It is an innovative technical solution, with superior capabilities in respect to dynamic characteristics, performance of motion and visual cues, as well as demonstration of disorientation effects.
  • Cost-effective and reliable
  • User-friendly operation
  • Disorientation demonstration in flight situations
  • The AIRFOX DISO permits the instructor to demonstrate spatial disorientation in real flight situations from take-off to landing. Rather than demonstrating single spatial disorientation effects, the effects occur during the flight simulation without warning and can be adjusted, thus providing enhanced training effectiveness.
  • Modular and expandable in hard- and software: The ability to quickly convert the AIRFOX DISO into helicopter configuration is extremely attractive to all users.
  • Six Degrees Of Freedom (6-DOF) motion base, including an additional yaw axis with continuous rotation
  • Comprehensive, re-configurable, real-time flight simulation capabilities
  • Full technical assistance, support and maintenance over the whole system service life

Benefits

Video

ACTiMOS Training Programme

Features

The AIRFOX DISO is a basic SD demonstrator and provides maximum flexibility

Software Features

Software Features

Comprehensive application software comprising a set of ready to use training programmes for the demonstration of SD phenomena and illusions. Actual combat and in-flight emergency scenarios for SD phenomena demonstration can be generated, as well as typical IFR training procedures. Automatic recording of training runs for later use.
Motion System

Motion System

A Six Degrees Of Freedom (6-DOF) hydraulic motion platform with an additional yaw axis module represent seven independently controllable motion axes. To support the demonstration of SD situations, the motion system is capable of operating at sub-threshold as well as super-threshold motion in all seven axes. Discontinuities in linear and angular motion are not perceptible by the trainee.
Cabin

Cabin

Mounted on top of the motion platform, containing a functional aircraft cockpit including three panels, centre and two side panels, a centre stick, collective, pedals including brakes, and a pilot seat. The visual hardware is equipped with a one-channel projected OTW visualisation system.
Control Station

Control Station

The control station consists of three sections: the instructor section with controls, the control section including the GUI and the recording/debriefing section. The instructor can take control of the aircraft without recognition by the trainee. On the GUI, you can select different A/C models as well as various environmental scenarios.
Terrain Database

Terrain Database

The database represents the Peloponnese in Greece and provides a realistic environment. The simulated environment covers an area of 298 km × 295 km. Satellite textures for ground and water areas combined with geographic height information lead to a photo-realistic scenery. Realistic weather effects and physically based light rendering lead to a realistic out-of-the-window visual.
Target Aircraft

Target Aircraft

The AIRFOX DISO is capable of simulating a second flight model used as a target aircraft. Every flight model installed on the system can act as target aircraft. The flight controls are installed on the control station. The OTW and the instruments on the control station show the target aircraft. After a flight, the track of the subject aircraft can also be used as target aircraft.
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Options

If you rest you rust – your wish is our driving force

Motion Sickness Desensitisation – MSD

Motion Sickness Desensitisation – MSD

You can use the AIRFOX DISO as a desensitisation platform to rehabilitate pilots who are prone to, or suffering from motion sickness. Two different programmes are available: MSD Heave and MSD Coriolis.
Debriefing GUI

Debriefing GUI

In addition to the video debriefing, the debriefing GUI adds additional data to enhance the debriefing capability. Recorded data contain flight model output as attitude, position, forces, instrument display data, as well as general data as control inputs of stick, rudder, throttle, push buttons, and turning knobs.
Observer Camera

Observer Camera

The observer camera allows the operator to view the aircraft from outside. This provides better control of supervising the pilot, especially during close formation flight or flying close to the ground as helicopter landings on a ship or an oil platform.
Aircraft Repositioning

Aircraft Repositioning

In order to save time during training, you can reposition the aircraft en-route to reduce flight time, for example to arrive at the initial approach or during climb, for example to regain altitude for spin training. Aircraft repositioning is available for actively flown subject and second aircraft.
Direct Motion Control

Direct Motion Control

In order to use the AIRFOX DISO for advanced research, you can control the system by predefined motion profiles and visual cues. These profiles are uploaded and contain position data for the motion in five milliseconds time intervals. It is possible to apply exactly the same motion stimulus to several trainees in a research scenario.
Simulator Link

Simulator Link

Two systems can be linked together so that both aircraft can fly joint missions. Pilots and instructors can communicate together. The aircraft are visible as target aircraft in the OTW.
Control Loading System

Control Loading System

The centre stick and the rudder pedals are equipped with a control loading system. This system changes the control forces according to the flight simulation and enhanced control trim capabilities.
Monitoring of Physiological Parameters

Monitoring of Physiological Parameters

The system is measuring the heart rate, pulse plethysmogram, and oxygen saturation by pulse oximeter. The data is recorded together with the flight data and can be analysed using the data debriefing functionality.
Night Vision Training Capability

Night Vision Training Capability

NV training demonstrates the capabilities and limitations of the Night Vision Imaging System (NVIS). For that purpose, the trainee shall wear original NV Goggles (NVGs). The visual system is capable of stimulating these NVGs. The cockpit and instrument displays are NVG compatible.
Automated Storyboards

Automated Storyboards

Automated storyboards are a specific version of a scenario based flight profile. The sequential SD effect will start automatically as soon as a predefined condition occurs. The storyboards contain automated verbal instructions and explanations of specific effects.
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References

The following air forces have already purchased the AIRFOX DISO and have them successfully and satisfactorily in operation

AIRFOX DISO Upgrade – India 2017

AIRFOX DISO Upgrade – India 2017

Upgrade of the AIRFOX DISO installed at IAM Bangalore. The upgraded version got the newest computer hardware, new software features, a wider FoV visual system including a high resolution and NV-compatible projector.
AIRFOX DISO – India 2008

AIRFOX DISO – India 2008

Two more AIRFOX DISOs for India have been installed at the Indian Air Force Institute of Aerospace Medicine in Hindan and in Hyderabad and are still in operation.
AIRFOX DISO – Germany 2004

AIRFOX DISO – Germany 2004

The AIRFOX DISO was installed at the German Institute for Aviation Medicine in Königsbrück near Dresden and is still in operation.
AIRFOX DISO - UK 2004

AIRFOX DISO - UK 2004

Two AIRFOX DISOs have been installed at the Royal Institute for Aviation Medicine at Henlow. They are still in operation.
AIRFOX DISO - India 2004

AIRFOX DISO - India 2004

The first AIRFOX DISO for India was installed at the Indian Air Force Institute of Aerospace Medicine in Bangalore and is still in operation.
AIRFOX DISO – P. R. of China 2002

AIRFOX DISO – P. R. of China 2002

The AIRFOX DISO was installed at the Air Force Hospital in Gangshan and is still in operation. For this simulator AMST designed and delivered the motion system including the turntable.
AIRFOX DISO - Greece 2001

AIRFOX DISO - Greece 2001

AMST has installed the AIRFOX DISO at the Hellenic Air Force Hospital in Athens. It is still in operation.
AIRFOX DISO - Italy 1999

AIRFOX DISO - Italy 1999

The AIRFOX DISO was installed at the Italian Air Force Institute in Prattica di Mare near Rome and is still in operation.
AIRFOX DISO - AMST 1999

AIRFOX DISO - AMST 1999

The second AIRFOX DISO was installed at AMST for training, demonstration, research and as a test facility for new developments and is still in operation.
AIRFOX DISO – The Netherlands 1998

AIRFOX DISO – The Netherlands 1998

The first AIRFOX DISO, a joint development between AMST and CML was installed in Soesterberg, The Netherlands.
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