THERE IS AN EVER-INCREASING NEED TO DEMONSTRATE TO THE MODERN PILOT, AND FAMILIARISE HIM WITH, THE SOMETIMES DRASTIC EFFECTS OF SD PHENOMENA AND ILLUSIONS, FREQUENTLY EXPERIENCED IN THE TODAY´S VERY SOPHISTICATED FLIGHT OPERATIONS.
The estimated career incident of Spatial Disorientation (SD) is 90 to 100 % and SD is the mismatch of visual and vestibular sensations of the attitude and/or speed of the aircraft and leads to misinterpretation.
There are two classes of pilots, those who have been disoriented and those who are about to be disorientated.
There are three types of SD: unrecognised SD - cause about 88 % of SD mishaps; recognised SD – about 8 % and incapacitating SD – about 4 %.
20 % of all military mishaps are due to SD and 90 % of all SD accidents are fatal.
The need for SD training seems clear, apart from the financial benefits of reducing aircraft losses and aircrew lives; duty of care and risk management becomes obvious.
Increase in fatigue factors - extended missions in difficult environments further increases the risk of SD.
Therefore, SD education and training is essential with specialised equipment for pilots to meet operational challenges of modern aircraft with dynamic flight model.
SIGNIFICANTLY IMPROVES AIRCREW’S PERFORMANCE
The AIRFOX DISO represents a multi-purpose, low-cost training device, based on standard components and equipment.
It is an innovative technical solution, with superior capabilities in respect to dynamic characteristics, performance of motion and visual cues, as well as demonstration of disorientation effects.
Cost-effective and reliable
Disorientation demonstration in flight situations
The AIRFOX DISO permits the instructor to demonstrate spatial disorientation in real flight situations from take-off to landing. Rather than demonstrating single spatial disorientation effects, the effects occur during the flight simulation, without prior warning and can be modified, thus providing enhanced training effectiveness.
Modular and expandable in hard- and software. The ability to quickly convert the AIRFOX DISO into a helicopter configuration is extremely attractive to all users.
Six Degrees Of Freedom motion base, including an additional gear axis
Full technical assistance, support and maintenance over the whole system service life
THE AIRFOX DISO IS A BASIC SD DEMONSTRATOR AND PROVIDES MAXIMUM FLEXIBILITY
Comprehensive application software comprising a set of ready to use training programmes for the demonstration of SD phenomena and illusions. Actual combat and in-flight emergency scenarios for SD phenomena demonstration can be generated, as well as typical IFR training procedures. Automatic recording of a training run for later use.
A six Degree Of Freedom hydraulic motion platform with an additional gear axis module represent seven independently controllable motion axes. To support the demonstration of SD situations, the motion system is capable of operating at sub-threshold as well as super-threshold motion in all seven axes. Discontinuities in linear and angular motion are not perceptible by the trainee.
Mounted on top of the motion platform, containing a functional aircraft cockpit including three panels, centre and two side panels, a centre stick, collective, pedals including brakes, and a pilot seat. The visual hardware is equipped with a one channel collimated OTW visualisation system.
The control station consists of three sections, the instructor section with controls, the control section including the GUI and the recording/debriefing section. The instructor can overtake the control from the trainee without recognition by the trainee. On the GUI, you can select different A/C models as well as many various environmental scenarios.
The database represents the Peloponnese in Greece and provides a realistic environment. The simulated environment covers an area of 298 km x 295 km. It provides three levels of details, depending on the distance from the object. Geo-typical textures for ground and water areas have different resolutions and are based on geographic height information.
The AIRFOX DISO is capable of simulating a second flight model used as a target aircraft. Every flight model installed on the system can act as target aircraft. The flight controls are installed on the control station. The OTW and the instruments on the control station show the target aircraft. After a flight, the track of the subject aircraft is available for debriefing.
If you rest you rust - Your wish is our driving force
MOTION SICKNESS DESENSITISATION - MSD
You can use the AIRFOX DISO as a desensitisation platform to rehabilitate subjects who are prone to, or suffering from motion sickness. Two different programmes are available: MSD Heave and MSD Coriolis.
In addition to the video debriefing, the debriefing GUI adds additional data to enhance the debriefing capability. Recorded data contain flight model output as attitude, position, forces, instrument display data, as well as general data as control inputs of stick, rudder, throttle, push buttons, and turning knobs.
The chase camera allows the operator to view the aircraft from outside. This provides better control of supervising the pilot, especially during close formation flight or flying close to the ground as helicopter landings on a ship or an oil platform.
In order to save time during training, you can reposition the aircraft en-route to reduce flight time, for example to arrive at the initial approach or during climb, for example to regain altitude for spin training. Aircraft repositioning is available for actively flown subject- and target aircraft.
DIRECT MOTION CONTROL
In order to use the AIRFOX DISO for advanced research, you can control the system by predefined motion profiles. These profiles are uploaded and contain position data for the motion in five milliseconds time intervals. It is possible to apply exactly the same motion stimulus to several trainees in a research scenario.
Two systems can be linked together so that both aircraft can fly joint missions. Pilots and instructors can communicate together. The aircraft are visible as target aircraft in the OTW.
CONTROL LOADING SYSTEM
The centre stick and the rudder pedals are equipped with a control loading system. This system changes the control forces according to the flight simulation and enhanced control trim capabilities.
COMPUTER GENERATED FORCES - CGF
Computer Generated Forces are an additional module providing air and ground forces with artificial intelligence. An editor allows the definition of scenarios with friendly and hostile forces. These forces are interacting with subject and target aircraft during training.
MEDICAL MONITORING SYSTEM - MMS
The MMS transmits medical data from the trainee to the control station. It has wireless data transmission and configured for eight channels: ECG (three channels), NIBP (two channels), pulse rate (one channel) calculated from the ECG channel), Oxygen saturation (one channel) and one spare channel.
NIGHT VISION TRAINING CAPABILITY
NV training demonstrates the capabilities and limitations of the Night Vision Imaging System (NVIS). For that purpose, the trainee shall wear original NV Goggles (NVGs). The visual system is capable of stimulating these NVGs. The cockpit and instrument displays are NVG compatible.
Automated training missions are a specific version of a scenario based flight profile. In comparison to a normal mission, the sequential SD effect will start automatically,
as soon as a predefined condition occurs and the cabin is in a neutral position. The missions contain automated verbal instructions and explanations of specific effects.