The most common causes for fatal accidents in general aviation are loss of control in flight (LOC-I) and controlled flight into terrain (CFIT). The contributing factors for these are:
Therefore, in order to enhance safety in general aviation, these causes must be understood by pilots and rectified. This can be done by demonstrating common causes for loosing SA, such as spatial disorientation (SD), channelized attention or fixation and failure to manage workloads, as well as giving the pilots the possibility to experience them and train procedures to maintain situational awareness and risk management.
In standard pilot training (PPL, IFR, CPL, …), these topics are mainly covered theoretically. However, it is important to experience these situations first hand and to practice the procedures in real flight situation. Due to the risk element involved, a simulator provides a safe environment for this training. The pilot should not be surprised or distracted by an unusual situation. These mental skills must be properly trained as well as the stick-and-rudder skills.